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World Hepatitis Day 2023: Uniting for Global Health.

"Hepatitis, a condition characterized by liver inflammation, bestows upon the vital organ the roles of nutrient processing, blood filtration, and infection defense. "

India harbors a staggering 40 million HBV carriers, with 15-25% facing cirrhosis, liver cancer, and premature death.  Anti-HCV antibody prevalence ranges from 0.09-15%. 

1. Feeling of discomfort (malaise)  2. Tenderness in the upper right corner of the abdomen, fatigue. 3. Jaundice (a condition causing yellowing of the skin and eyes),  4. Dark-colored urine, stools that are lighter in color, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and fluid retention leading to abdominal swelling.

Symptoms:

In 2008, the World Hepatitis Alliance, a group working alongside WHO, organized the first community-driven World Hepatitis Day.  

WHO has set ambitious targets to achieve hepatitis elimination by 2030, urging countries to work towards:

1. Reducing new hepatitis B and C infections by 90%. 2. Decreasing hepatitis-related deaths from liver cirrhosis and cancer by 65%. 3. Ensuring at least 90% of people infected with hepatitis B and C are diagnosed. 4. Ensuring at least 80% of eligible individuals receive appropriate treatment.

On World Hepatitis Day, vigilant parents must consult pediatricians if children show signs of liver inflammation.

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